The lower back is made up of the spine, ligaments and muscles. This part of the body is a strong structure and plays an important role in supporting the body when standing and when moving in several directions.
In addition, there is also a nerve that works to regulate movement and capture the excitation of the lower body. This spinal cord is inside the spinal cavity and is protected by nerve cushions.
Symptoms of low back pain
The level of back pain that each patient feels varies from mild to intense pain that interferes with the activity. But in general, the symptoms of low back pain have the characteristics of:
Causes of low back pain
Low back pain can be felt for several days to several weeks, but generally less than 6 weeks. This pain can be caused by several things, such as injuries due to falls or collisions, excessive body movements or heavy lifting.
In addition, low back pain can also be caused by:
Muscle stiffness because it rarely moves can cause low back pain.
Spinal joint space damage
As we age, there will be weakness in the tissue in the joint space, so the spinal cushions protrude. This bump can compress the spinal cord (pinched nerve) and cause pain that radiates to the legs.
Deformity and spinal loss
Spinal deformities, such as kyphosis and bone loss (osteoporosis) can cause nervous stress and pain.
Disorders of the spinal cord
This condition can occur due to inflammation, pressure, lesions or tumors that compress the spinal cord.
Usually, low back pain due to kidney stones feels only on one side of the back, and the pain feels sharp.
Who is at risk?
How to overcome low back pain
Here are some suggestions for overcoming lower back pain:
If the above methods fail to treat back pain, you should immediately consult a doctor. The doctor may do several tests to confirm the diagnosis and determine the cause of low back pain.
Consult your doctor
The exams that doctors should take include physical exams, x-rays, CT scans and magnetic resonance imaging. In some cases, your doctor may also suggest an EMG test to assess the condition of your lumbar nerve.
After the diagnosis of low back pain and its cause is known, new doctors can provide the appropriate treatment, which includes:
1) Pain relievers
Severe lower back pain often requires pain medications from a doctor, such as NSAIDs, both in the form of oral and topical medications.
2) Narcotics and antidepressants
The use of these medications requires close supervision by a doctor, and usually only for a short period. This type of medicine is used to relieve very severe low back pain.
Physiotherapy with heat, ultrasonic waves or electrical stimulation can help to overcome spinal pain. After the pain has resolved, physiotherapy can be followed by special movement exercises to increase the strength and flexibility of the back tissues and muscles.
It is believed that this alternative therapy helps reduce lower back pain. The results will be better if acupuncture is combined with physiotherapy and medications.
5) Spine surgery
In severe cases, such as abnormalities of the spinal structure or pinched nerves that do not improve with treatment, surgery may be performed to correct abnormalities in the nerves and spine.
And all back surgeon recommend to use best chairs after back surgery. Because back surgery patient needs high comfort while sitting and sleeping.
Low back pain will usually improve after a while, with rest and independent attention at home. But if the pain does not go away, it gets worse, accompanied by fever, urination or defecation, muscle weakness of the legs and tingling in the legs, thighs, buttocks or back, immediately consult a doctor.
Site last updated: 14. October 2020
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