Guide to Diabetes Disease
There are 3 different types of diabetes disease
Diabetes reduces the body's ability to produce insulin and absorb
glucose from the bloodstream. The extra glucose in the bloodstream begins to cause damage to blood capillaries (the
smallest of the body's blood vessels), eventually leading to greater damage and affecting health and function the
body's major organs.
in the world
It is estimated in 2013 that 382 million people worldwide are
affected by this disease, according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). The highest numbers of diabetes
sufferers can be found in these countries, in millions (source: IDF):
China - 98.4
India - 65.1
USA - 24.4
Brazil - 11.9
Russia - 10.9
Indonesia - 8.6
Mexico - 8.7
Egypt - 7.5
Germany - 7.6
Japan - 7.2
Turkey - 7
Pakistan - 6.7
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated in 2014 that there were over 420 million of people suffering from
diabetes in the world. This was way up from 180 million back in 1980. In 2021 that figure is up to 450 million
and growing, expecting to reach 650 million in another 20 years. This is a huge concern for every country, in
particular the Western world countries where poor dieting and inactive life is widespread.
|In addition to proper nutrition and exercise, regular
self-checking of blood glucose
leads to better management of your diabetic condition and less health
What is diabetes disease?
If you think that you are prone to diabetes, the first thing that you need to know
is to understand what is the illness all about. Experts say that diabetes is a chronic disease, which develop among
people who have the inability to utilize the glucose in their food to be used as energy. The illness develops when
the accumulated glucose stays in the person's bloodstream for a long time. Over a period of time, this amount of
glucose, can bring potential harm to the person's other organs such as the eyes, kidneys, heart, and even the
What types of diabetes are there?
After having sufficient knowledge about it and how the disease develops, the next
step is to know what kind of diabetes that are known and acknowledged by experts and physicians. Today, there are
three major types of diabetes including "Type 1 diabetes," "Type 2 diabetes," and "Gestational diabetes." Knowing
what they are and what sets each one apart from one other will help people who are prone to diabetes where to focus
in trying to manage their condition.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes otherwise known as "juvenile diabetes" or "insulin-dependent
diabetes," is considered as the least common type of diabetes there is. Experts say that it is an auto-immune
disease that makes the body's immune system—which serves as a shield against infection—gone out of working order,
thus, savaging the cells located in the pancreas which is responsible for producing insulin. For people—especially
those who are prone to diabetes—insulin is very important in breaking down the food once eaten.
People who suffer from type 1 diabetes has the inability to make insulin, thus,
their body's are easily damaged by the accumulate glucose in the body. Since they need insulin to get by, people
who are suffering from this type of diabetes need a regular supply of insulin 24/7. Children and young adults are
prone to this type of diabetes but this can occur at any age or can be a result of an illness. Type 1 diabetes
sufferers exhibit characteristics such as onset thirst, often urination, and drastic weight loss.
Type 2 diabetes
Next is the type 2 diabetes, which is also known as "non-insulin-dependent
diabetes mellitus" and "adult-onset diabetes". What sets it apart from the type 1diabetes is that the person
suffering from this has the ability to make insulin it's just that the amount produced in not enough for the body
to use it efficiently.
This type is considered as the common type of diabetes, which usually develops
among people who are more than 40 years of age. People who are prone to this type of diabetes are usually those who
are overweight or obese and those that have sedentary lifestyle. Being a progressive disease, type 2 diabetes can
also lead to more severe complications like diseases including the heart, the kidney, the eyes through blindness
and amputation or loss of limbs. People who suffer from type 2 diabetes are also characterized by slow or onset
thirstiness, repeated urination, and loss of weight, which usually develops in a span of weeks to
The last type is called "gestational diabetes" which develops during pregnancy.
Normally, this type of diabetes ends after giving birth but there are also those cases in some women that develop
this type diabetes as they get older. Gestational diabetes, though it is common among pregnant women, should be
monitored because there's a big chance of leading to type 2 diabetes.